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Title Evaluating Community Policing in the Philippines: Communication, Trust, and Service Provision
Post date 01/28/2019
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale How can community-oriented policing (COP) practices be implemented in a way that sustainably increases trust in the police and reduces crime in areas where state legitimacy is low? In this study, we test the effect of a COP program that combines community engagement (CEP) and problem-oriented policing (POP). We also probe two additional moderating factors that we posit will increase the sustainability of the program: 1) collaboration between national police forces and local community officers charged with implementing the program, and 2) public recognition and top-down accountability mechanisms incentivizing police units to follow through on addressing community needs. We implement our study in Sorsogon Province of the Philippines, where state legitimacy is challenged by an active communist rebel group and where the drug war implemented by President Rodrigo Duterte has resulted in a significant erosion of trust in the police.
C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested? Generally, do various components of community policing increase citizen trust in the police, increase citizen communication with the police, and decrease crime rates. See PAP for details.
C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? * We conduct a series of experiments in Sorsogon Province, Philippines, in which we assign community policing programs to randomly-selected barangays. We conduct surveys of civilians and police officers both before and after the programs in both treatment and control barangays, and collect administrative data on crime in both treatment and control barangays, to test whether the presence of the community policing programs affects attitudes towards the police, public safety outcomes, and other indicators.
C4 Country Philippines
C5 Scale (# of Units) 298 barangays
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? Yes
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? Yes
C8 IRB Number UCSD 170415S, 170974S, 161252S
C9 Date of IRB Approval 3/7/2017, 6/6/207, 8/2/2016 (respectively)
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Innovations for Poverty Action Sorsogon and Philippine National Police Sorsogon Provincial Police Office
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? not provided by authors
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors