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Title Policing and Collective Action: Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Uganda
Post date 07/16/2018
C1 Background and Explanation of Rationale

An extensive literature within comparative politics, human rights, and conflict examines the relationship between collective action and repression. Many of these studies use observational data to study the effect of repression on collective action or vice versa. But these studies are limited in their ability to address the thorny challenge of endogeneity (i.e., does repression a ect mobilization or does collective action a repressive behavior?). Additionally, these studies do not distinguish between 1) appropriate police action and excessive police force and 2) individuals' previous level of mobilization. Using a nationally representative survey of 2,000 Ugandans administered in July 2018, we investigate two questions: first, how different police actions affect citizens' support for the police and willingness to engage in collective action; and second, whether these effects are conditioned by whether individuals are already mobilized and engaging in collective action. We further examine heterogeneous treatment effects to explore whether these effects vary by respondents' support for the incumbent, prior police interactions, region, and gender. By examining the politics of policing in an authoritarian context, we hope to provide experimental evidence for when state-violence triggers political backlash, increasing collective action and decreasing support for the security apparatus.

C2 What are the hypotheses to be tested?

This study examines two theoretical priors relating to repression and collective actions. Specifically, how excessive police force affects how civilians respond to police action? We examine the backlash and deterrence hypotheses: first, that excessive force will decrease civilians support and increase collective action; or second, that excessive force will deter collective action. Additionally, we consider how these effects are conditioned by whether individuals are bystanders of collective action or engaged in it.

C3 How will these hypotheses be tested? *

Respondents (n=2000) are randomly assigned to one of four groups (2X2) experiment: one control group and 3 treatment groups.

C4 Country Uganda
C5 Scale (# of Units) 2000
C6 Was a power analysis conducted prior to data collection? No
C7 Has this research received Insitutional Review Board (IRB) or ethics committee approval? Yes
C8 IRB Number Mildway Research ethics committee approval number: #REC REF 0204-2017
C9 Date of IRB Approval 5/28/2018
C10 Will the intervention be implemented by the researcher or a third party? Twaweza/Ipsos
C11 Did any of the research team receive remuneration from the implementing agency for taking part in this research? No
C12 If relevant, is there an advance agreement with the implementation group that all results can be published? not provided by authors
C13 JEL Classification(s) not provided by authors
Anonymous Documentation PDF icon 20180716AA_PAP_anon.pdf